Being one of three ethnic group of the Viet-Muong language groups, with a population of over 1,200,000 (2009 census), the Muong live mainly in Hoa Binh Province (where the ancestral centres of Bi, Vang, Thang, and Dong are located) and also with others living in Thanh Hoa, Phu Tho and Son La.
The Muong people intensively cultivate wet rice in the valleys between hills and high mountains. They also raise the cattle and poultry, hunt, fish, gather foods from the forests, and practice handicrafts.
Villagers are located at foothills, near a stream or river. The nha lang system of hereditary lords was the dominant social structure in the past. Each governing family (Dinh, Quach, Bach, Hoang, Ha, and others) had its own customary insitutions to administer the Muong villagers in their territory.
The Muong have a rich folk literature with famous stories such as Te tat te dac (Birth of Land and Water), as well as rhyming songs such as xec bua and hat vi. Other well-known fold traditions are the cotton-planting dance and the wrestling dance.
Exhibition of Muong people is on the first floor of the “Bronze Drum” building with the following topics such as weaving, hunting, musical instruments, funerals, and kitchen et cetera. In addition to objects, there are also thematic texts in three languages (Vietnamese, French, and English) and photos of villagers’ life. The burial reproduction space of the Muong funeral also presents an ethnographic documentary recorded in Hoa Binh province in 2002.