The art of glass painting, which originated in Europe, was introduced to Indonesia in the early 20th century by the Dutch and flourished there during the 1930s. The glass paintings of Balinese style is different. Together with that are such renown centers as Yogyakarta, Surakarta, Cirebon where glass paintings are produced in Indonesia. Artists paint on the reverse side of the glass, the last stroke on glass would be the first one laid down on a paper or canvas picture. The first stroke on glass is in the foreground as we view the painting through the glass. Sulasno, Maryono, Sastrogambar etc. are well-known artists.
Indonesian glass paintings are inspired by daily life, folk arts, rituals and festivals; Islam and Indonesian history; two epics Mahabharata, Ramayana, and legends with clowns (punakawan) and characters who are also featured in puppet arts (wayang).
In Java, glass paintings are mainly used for decoration. Sometimes families consider them as lucky charms.